Blue Pottery Of Jaipur 5 Amazing Facts & History

We can never deny Rajasthan’s contribution to Indian culture. The pink city is the cultural hub of India. Jaipur, Rajasthan is one of the culturally rich cities of India, which is also the city of skilled artists and craftsmen. These artists have made blue pottery world famous. Many of us do not know that blue pottery, one of the forms of pottery, is another favorite Rajasthan art that is extravagant. 

Creating the Blue pottery:

Blue pottery is famous art of Persia and Afghanistan. It came to Rajasthan from those countries through Mughal Courts. This art of pottery is made with three mixing six ingredients: quartz stone powder, powdered glass, Katira Gond powder, Multani Mitti, Sanji, and water. The blue or greenish-blue color is created by the mixing of crude copper oxide with salt or sugar. These are mixed in a furnace and then filtered for use. At the same time, the dark ultramarine color is achieved from cobalt oxide.

This pottery is different from the ordinary ceramics made with clay from the river bed. There are lots of Blue Pottery manufacturers available in Rajasthan. This piece of art of Jaipur is trendy all over the country and even worldwide. The artwork is decorated with gold and silver-colored Turko-Persian style. The blue color used in the sculptures is specially created through Egyptian technology with the ingredients like Multani clay, Katira Gond, sodium bicarbonate, ordinary gum, and water. The artwork primarily has been designed for birds, animals flowers. You can buy different pieces like ashtrays, cups, jars, small bowls, tea sets, crockery, and many other utensils.

The Journey of Blue pottery

Originated in Central Asia in the 14th century, Mongol craftsmen introduced Blue Pottery. In this art, the craftsmen fused the Chinese glazing technique with the decorative art form of Persia. It is said in various texts that this technique of pottery came to the Indian subcontinent with the conquest of the Turkish rulers in the early 14th century. From the earliest times, this foreign art was primarily used to make glossy tiles for temples, mosques, tombs, and palaces in various parts of Central Asia. After that, Mughal started to use it in pottery, bowl, plate, teat set, and different areas of the holy structure. They did various things for the development of this industry all over the world. 

Gradually, it became an essential part of Indian architecture. From there, the blue pottery reached the city of Jaipur in the 17th century. At the moment, blue pottery has become the livelihood of local artisans in Jaipur and various parts of Rajasthan. 

  • The Products

It is great art that was used for decorative purposes in palaces, mosques, tombs, and temples. This famous Indian craft is available in a wide range of products with its elegance and beauty.

The art was used included crockery items, Hand Block Printed Dupatta, pickle containers, egg cup sets, imperial bowls, beer or coffee mugs, and plates. It can be a colorful and attractive addition to any kitchen. This art is also available in accessories, pots, colorful tiles with exciting quotes or cartoons, iron hooks for walls, doorknobs, vases, coasters, ashtrays, cardholders, candle stands, and napkins rings make the home decor exciting and beautiful. 

Though done in a vivid blue color is the specialization of the art, artists have now experimented with it in many other items like red, vibrant shades of yellow, green, light blue, etc. All ingredients used in Blue pottery are environment friendly, derived from Mother Nature. It doesn’t need any special maintenance and can be cleaned easily with normal water and soap. It is fragile, so handle it carefully.

Undoubtedly, these ancient, vibrant, and attractive items of blue pottery are now the most sought-after souvenirs of the Joypur. Not only blue pottery, but many tourists also come to this place to buy Print Bed Sheets, Sharee, shalwar, kurta, etc. It is the place where Joypuri print is trendy. 

  • Craftsmen of Blue Pottery in Jaipur

According to the artisans, there are 25 to 30 units in villages near Jaipur, and Ten to eleven units are in Kot Zafar, and the rest are in the central city of Jaipur.  Earlier, this industry was much more productive. As it is a time-consuming and tedious craft, many artisans have moved on to other occupations. 

The industry is mainly practiced by the Kharwal, Kumbhar, Bahairwa, and Nat castes, most artisans belonging to this caste. It is necessary to know that Kharawal and Khambar are now the leading producers of blue pottery. 

From that Mughal period, blue pottery provides livelihood to many artisans of Jaipur. These traditional designs are used now on ordinary jugs, jars, pots and vases, tea sets, cups and saucers, plates and glasses, pitchers, ashtrays, and Printed Cushion Covers and make the products really artistic. 

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